|Adopted||March 18, 1976|
|Flag Day||March 18|
|Union Flag Red|
The national flag of Aruba consists of a field of light blue (called "Larkspur"), two narrow parallel horizontal yellow ("Bunting Yellow") stripes in the bottom half, and a four-pointed white-fimbriated red ("Union Flag red") star in the canton
Aruba Flag Colors - symbolism
Blue represents the sea that surrounds Aruba
Yellow stands for abundance, representing the island's past and its industries of gold, aloe and oil; red is for the love each Aruban has for the country and the ancient industry of Brazilwood
Four-pointed white-fimbriated red star symbolizes the four points of the compass, with the island having drawn people from around the world. The star also represents the island itself, surrounded by the beautiful blue sea
Parallel Yellow Stripes stands for the free and separate position Aruba enjoys in the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
White symbolizes the snow-white beaches as well as the purity of the hearts of Aruba's people who strive for justice, order and liberty.
Blue RGB: (65,137,221) Hex: #4189dd
Bunting Yellow RGB: (249,214,22) Hex: #f9d616
Union Flag Red RGB: (210,16,52) Hex: #d21034
White RGB: (255,255,255) Hex: #FFFFFF
Aruba Flag Video
Aruba Flag Picture
NETHERLANDS. The geographical features of the countries formerly known collectively as the Netherlands or Low Countries are, dealt with under the modern English names of HOLLAND and BELGIUM. Here we are concerned only with their earlier history, which is put for convenience under this heading in order to separate the account of the period when they formed practically a single area for historical purposes from that of the time when Holland and Belgium became distinct administrative units. The sources of our knowledge of the country down to the 8th century are Caesar's De Bello Galileo, iv., the history of Velleius Paterculus, ii. 105, the works of Tacitus, the Historia Ear bin-ants. Francorum (i.-iii.) of Gregory of Tours, the Fredegar's Chronica (for the last two of which see D. Bouquet's Recueil de historiens des Gaules et de la France, 1738-1.876). The Netherlands first became known to the Romans through the campaigns of Julius Caesar. He found the country peopled partly by. tribes of Gallo-Celtic, partly by tribes of Germanic stock, the river Rhine forming roughly the line of demarcation between the races. Several of the tribes along the borderland, however, were undoubtedly of mixed blood. The Gallo-Celtic tribes bore the general appellation of Belgae, and among these the Nervii, inhabiting the district between the Scheldt and the Sambre were at the date of Caesar's invasion, 57 B.C., the most warlike and important. To the north of the Meuse, and more especially in the low-lying ground enclosed between the Waal and the Rhine (insula Batavorum) lived the Batavi, a clan of the great Germanic tribe, the Chatti. Beyond these were found the Frisians (q.v.), a people of German origin, who gave their name to the territory between the Rhine and the Ems. Of the other tribes the best known are the Caninefates, Chauci, Usipetes, Sicambri, Eburones, Menapii, Morini and Aduatici. Julius Caesar, after a severe struggle with the Nervii and their confederates, was successful in bringing the Belgic tribes into subjection to Rome. Under Augustus, 15 B.e., the conquered territory was formed into an imperial province, Gallia Belgica, and the frontier line, the Rhine, was strongly held by a series of fortified camps. With regard to the region north of the Rhine we first obtain information from the accounts of the campaigns of Nero, Claudius, Drusus and Tiberius. The Batavians were first brought under Roman rule in the governorship of Drusus, A.D. 13. They were not incorporated in the empire, but were ranked as allies, socii or auxilia. Their land became a recruiting ground for the Roman armies, and a base for expeditions across the Rhine. The Batavians served with fidelity and distinction in all parts of the empire, and from the days of Augustus onwards formed a considerable part of the Praetorian guard. The Frisians struggled against Roman over-lordship somewhat longer, and it was not until A.D. 47 that they finally submitted to the victorious arms of Domitius Corbulo. The Frisian auxiliaries were likewise regarded as excellent troops. In the confusion of the disputed succession to the imperial throne after the death of Nero, the Batavians (A.D. 69-70) under the influence of a great leader, known only by his Roman name, Claudius Civilis, rose in revolt. Civilis The revolt of Civltls. had seen much service in the Roman armies, and was a man of statesmanlike ability. In revenge for his own imprisonment, and the death of his brother by order of Nero, he took advantage of the disorder in the empire not only to stir up his fellow-countrymen to take up arms for independence, but to persuade a large number of German and Belgic tribes to join forces with them. A narrative of the revolt is given in detail by Tacitus. At first success attended Civilis and the Romans were driven out of the greater part of the Belgic province. Even the great fortress of Castra Vetera (Xanten) was starved into submission and the garrison massacred. But dissensions arose between the German and Celtic elements of Civilis's following. The Romans, under an able general, Cerealis, took advantage of this, and Civilis, beaten in fight, retired to the island of the Batavians. But both sides were exhausted, and it was arranged that Cerealis and Civilis should meet on a broken bridge over the Nabalia (Yssel) to discuss terms of peace. At this point the narrative of Tacitus breaks off, but it would appear that easy conditions were offered, for the Batavians returned to their position of socii, and were henceforth faithful in their steady allegiance to Rome. The insula Batavorum, lined with forts, became for a long period the bulwark of the empire against the inroads of the Germans from the north. Of this period scarcely any record remains, but when at the end of the 3rd century the Franks (q.v.) began to swarm over the Rhine into the Roman lands, the names of the old tribes had disappeared. The peoples within the frontier had been transformed into Romanized pro- vincials; outside, the various tribes had become merged in the common appellation of Frisians. The branch of the Franks—who were a confederacy, not a people—which gradually over-spread Gallia Belgica, bore the name of the Salian Franks.